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VOLUME 51 NO. 191

© 1969, THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE PUBLISHING SOCIETY Reserved

All Rights

BOSTON, SATURDAY, JULY 11; 1959

R

** ATLANTIC EDITION

‘Maximum Muddle’ Phase

Seen in Communist China

By Ronald Stead

Southeast Asian Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor

Singapore

Communist China is going through a period referred to as that of “maximum muddle” by people here with confidential sources of information on the Chinese mainland.

The muddle is political and economical and it arises mostly because of what the Communist Chinese themselves call “con- tradictions” due to continuing discord between party leaders and “éxperts’” in various spe- cialized fields including for- eign affairs.

The “big leap forward” ini- tiated in 1958 has had a boom- erang effect. Peking has meas- urably lost prestige in Southeast Asia by trying to go too far in too many directions at once. One sequel has been a lessen- ing of funds sent back to rela- tives in mainland China . by overseas Chinese, of whom some 13,000,000 live in various coun- tries in this region.

Communist China’s conduct over Tibét and even more its denigration of India since the Dalai Lama found sanctuary

Associated Press

there have caused its greatest single loss of face. But there have been others—not the least being a mistimed trade drive into Southeast Asia designed to sabo- tage anticipated Western and Japanese attempts to exploit this market,

‘Doctrinaire Optimism’ Peking leaders sometimes mis- calculate because of what might be termed “doctrinaire opti- mism” when making interna-

tional assessments in advance, and they apparently did so when they welcomed the American re- cession early last vear as herald- ing the anticipated decline and fall of he capitalist world. Peking planners evidently thought this would force the West into a des- perate attempt to sell in the East. The Chinese Communists sought to defeat this by dumping and price cutting generally. The end result of overestimat- ing their capacity to maintain supplies overseas on this basis was a disclosure of domestic limitations—while Western trad-

Life in China Is a Tough Pull

ers carried on as usual, backed by reliable outputs in the United States, Britain, and elsewhere.

At the same time the an- nouncement of overambitious targets and subsequent failure to reach them has put into reverse the overseas publicity aspect of the “big leap forward” as a whole,

The “leap” was intended to secure a large simultaneous in- crease in industrial and agri- cultural production (11,000,000 tons of steel, 375,000,000 tons of food grains), accompanied by a decisive advance toward abso- lute communism such as even Moscow no longer attempts to impose on its people.

Asian Attitudes Harden

The frustrated division of views that arose in Peking when these ambitions were not real- ized is reflected in an aggres- sive foreign policy that may be influencing people but is cer- tainly. not making friends.

This hardening attitude my be seen in the Federation of Ma- laya, which produces about one- third of the world’s natural rub- ber and tin. It may be seen in the contiguous island of Singa- pore, since June 3 an internally autonomous state self-governed by an uncompromisingly social- ist administration that has set its face against communism.

Malaya’s reasons for prohibit- ing the entry of certain classes of Chinese textiles, as well as a general ruling that had the specific effect of putting Pe- king’s Bank of China out of busi- ness in Malaya, were really protective reactions against an ill-judged Communist Chinese

| | a Pair From Britain

Lives ItUp on $1

By the Associated Press

Montreal

Bernard and Edith Cow- deroy, a British couple who are; 73 and 71, respectively,. have just completed a 14,000- mile North American trip at a cost of $1 plus the price of gasoline. They brought their own food from Britain.

They traveled in a caravan- type of vehicle built over a truck. It is equipped with a mobile double bed, a kitchen, and even a sink. They bought canned food supplies in Lon- don, and arrived in Montreal last May 2.

The dollar they spent? That was for overnight parking one’ night.

policy in a region where good will was required.

Nor have Peking’s colonial op- erations in Tibet done anything to reassure Southeast Asian na- tions. [It is not overlooked that, according to the Dalai Lama, Peking has settled 5,000,000 Chi- nese in Tibet since this remote land was “liberated.”

China Sparks Anxieties Apprehension of China, with its constant build-up of internal pressure from .an ever-growing population, has grown notice-

ably in Indonesia in the past 12 |

months. A recent clampdown on Chinese-Indonesians engaged in small commerce is construed by them as a forerunner of heavier restrictions,

Thug communism is_ being “contained” in Southeast Asia and one of the developments largely responsible for this is increased military influence over civilian matters in Indonesia, Burma, Thailand, and Pakistan.

One of a series

Floods aggravate China food lag: Page 4.

‘State of the Nations

Peering Into the Future

By WILLIAM

HH. STRINGER

Trend of

EKeonomy

No ‘Doldrums’ in 1959

of The Christian

New York

It used to be customary to speak about the “summer doldrums” in-the stock mar- ket, as well as in business generally.

No more, Last summer marked the beginning of a new phase of the bullish up-

Chief, Washington Bureau, The Christian Science Moniter | trend in stock market prices.

Washington

One of the advantages, no doubt, of the two-party sys- tem of government is that while one party is grappling with the present, the other can begin to explore the future.

This is not quite the present line-up in Washington, but various people, including im- portant columnists, are urging this thesis on Democratic Ma- jority Leader Lyndon B. John- son.

At the moment the Repub- licans, controlling the White House, have come fairly close to halting inflation and achiev- ing price stability. The next budget will be more than balanced. Prosperity .is at hand, and we may soon te talking about “boom” condi- tions. The Cabinet Committee on Price Stability for Eco- nomic Growth, headed by Vice-President Richard M. Nixon, says happy days are here if only inflation will stay conquered.

a ae

Yet there are certain mis- givings those well-known clouds no bigger than a man’s hand, floating around horizon.

There are misgivings whether the nation’s economy

is really growing fast enough to supply all the multiple de- mands which will be made on the United States in these lat- ter years of the 20th century. “There is” the ~~ question whether monetary. controls will be sufficient to fight infla- tion, or whether tax revision and government yardsticks shouldn’t figure in there some- where.

There is the awareness that the nation’s basic facilities— schoolrooms, colleges, air- ports, city housing—are not keeping pace with the growth of population. ~~

There is the argument that while sharp fiscal brakes on inflation may stave off price rises, they may also stifle that faster rate of national eco- nomic expansion necessary to meet the Soviet challenge.

How shall the public esti- mate these things?

Those Americans deeply en- grossed in putting out a new, compact automobile at Gen- eral Motors or Ford or Chrys- ler may not personally be thinking ahead concerning the adequacy of the nation’s classrooms. The farmer pon-

dering whether to plant wheat

in the acreage beyond the woodlot may pay’ no immedi- ate attention to whether five years hence the United States will have kept pace with the

?

the-

Soviets in long-range missile production.

But a dynamic.-economy is continually tossing up new is- sues and new situations, and some are not easily compre- hended. A well-known Wash- ington reporter complained recently, after a briefing ses- sion on the Treasury’s request for abolition of interest ceil- ings on government bonds, that he has been wallowing in uncharted. seas.

Here is where the opposi-_

tion party comes in, or should come in, To be sure, it cannot exert ‘as much positive lead- ership from its congressional strongholds on Capitol Hill as the President can from the White House. And the Eisen-

hower administration has the.

whip hand in political debate these days because public opinion very much admires its stand in favor of a ‘‘sound dol- lar” and its fight against infla- tion. To criticize —to talk of future improvements that will cost money—is to sound slb- versively inflationary. ae

Yet the country is ap- proaching the time when new paths must be broken. I per- sonally find it difficult to be- lieve Buckminster Fuller’s foretasts, quoted in News- week magazine, that by the end of the century the word “workers” will be obsolete and the majority of “‘mature civilization” will be engaged

‘In research and development

rather than in production and there will be no “have-nots” at all. But this, from an ebul- lient architect, does mildly suggest that changes are in store,

So who. is to explore and inform?

Some Democrats around the country are urging more lead- ership on Senate Majority Leader Johnson. This some- what misses the mark. Senator Johnson must today lead his troops into direct legislative battle, not into uncertain grapplings with tomorrow. If by chance he should become a presidential candidate, then he would—his close associates assure—be making idea-filled speeches about the necessities facing the United States. Un- doubtedly we would find Adlai E. Stevenson, Mr. Nixon, Nelson A. Rockefeller, or other candidates doing like- wise during the campaign.

Neither party has a monop- oly on the future. But the Re- publicans do have something of a vested interest in the present and its prosperity. This gives the Democrats an incentive to stake claims up ahead. These claims could be very productive as time goes on,

This summer is continuing

‘the trend.

What does it mean?

Since the stock market is not a mystical, undefinable entity, but simply people ex- pressing their investment be- liefs in the market, it means

i'that many folks think things ‘are just fine and that they are lgoing to continue to be. ‘Should public sentiment 'change, the stock market

| will reflect the change.

|

In: general, businesses are doing well-this summer, This means increased earnings. Even if a steel] strike occurs, it will develop’. shortages which must be filled in the fall. So far as the stock market is concerned, it couldn't care less.

The corrosive force in a steel | strike is that it cuts down the | productive power of the most vigorous nation in the anti- Communist world at a time of world crisis.

But those who invest in the stock market know all of these things. They have ac- counted for them. The stock market in steels has already jumped over the strike threat 'to.the productive period ex- pected to take place in the fall.

But expectation of good earnings is not the sole reason for the stock market upsurge. A basic reason is the general expectation of continued cost- inflation,

oe faa

A good job of advertising inflation has been gone. The public _has-aeceepted it, and its behavior in the stock market confirms ‘it. So far this sum- mer, however, nothing has been accomplished to curb the ever-rising costs of labor which is the principal in- gredient of cost inflation, of materials, of taxation, of dis- tribution, and of marketing.

Labor costs represent 70 per cent of the finished article. And labor costs have risen about four per cent in the past year.

This can only mean that prices are going up. Just now the cost-of-living index de- ceives us, It inched up just a bit in May, It may inch up a little more. But it is kept “stable” or down by reduced costs in food just now.

But the elements in the in- dex itself are never stable. They are always moving, and they are usually moving up. For instance, while the index has seemed to be “stable,” rent has raced ahead, Since 1957 it has moved the index for rent from 135.2 to 139.3— 4.1 points, quite a sizable hike. And very far front being “stable.” |

Transportation (including

costs of purchasing new cars)

By NATE WHITE, Business and Financial Editor

Science Monitor

since 1957 has moved from 136.0 to 145.3. That is an in- crease in the index of 9.3 points! Medical care in 1957 stood at. 138. Today its index stands at 149.6. Up 11.6 points! Personal care—toilet articles, barber and beauty shop serv-

ices have jumped 5.6 points |

since 1957, from 124.4 to 130. 4 s 4 It even costs more to have fun. Recreation includes radio, television, toys, sporting goods, movies, and news- papers. reading index has jumped from 112.2 in 1957 to 117.7 to- day. Up 5.5 points! Food in 1957 stood at 115.4

points. Today it’s.117.6. Cloth- |

ing costs have moved upward the least. In 1957 they stood at 106.9 in the index. Today its 107, an increase hardly worth noticing, and prob- ably merited.

The finat item in the index is called the “other” item, It includes tobacco, alcoholic beverages, and other goods and services. It has moved from 125.5 in 1957 to 128.2 today. Up 2.7 points. In the past year, however, “other” item has moved up nearly one whole index point.

These indexes show clearly that in no sense has “‘stability”

been achieved in the cost of | living, unless by stability one |

means an ever-upward trend of prices. When the current food-price situation ends, the general index itself can expected to go up, because all other items have gone up. The United States definitely is moving into a higher-priced, higher-cost, tighter, more in- flexible economy.

In the same period, cor- porate profits showed wide variations. This summer they

are about back to where they |

were at the end of 1956, be- fore they headed into their swift recession drop-off. By the end of this year they should be ahead of the 1956 high and off to a new record,

Outwardly this_ indicates excellent business. Inwardly it means that the tighter, the costlier the economy becomes, the harder it is to get at the problem of cost inflation,

; aes ey

Legislative tools to handle the problem are nonexist- ent. Efforts to establish them are usually lost. Organiza- tions of special interests do not want any hindrances im- posed on their freedom to take a bigger share of consumer fruits.

Those on fixed incomes and pensions and annuities pay the increased costs of living silently, They seldom can afford to invest in the stock market. They shouldn’t any- how, It is not a market for those with little money. Their thoughts are not written on the ticker tape. But these folks have votes. The presi- dential candidate and those seeking seats in Congress in 1960 who ignore this silent citizenry and the toll of cost- inflation may find that their sentiment will be expressed in the ballot box rather than on the ticker tape.

July 11, 1959

The recreation and |

the |

be |

Dumaine Eyed For

(covernor

New Fnoland Politics! Editor of

The Christian Science Monitor Close friends of Frederic C. |(Buck) Dumaine, Jr., highly | successful industrialist, are (pushing him to run for the Re- /publican nomination for Gover- ‘nor at the 1960 Republican state

/convention, so With the party leaders seek- ing a new tace, a new and at- ‘tractive person to lead the party’s drive for a 1960 come- (back after the 1958 debacle, many Dumaine associates con-

‘Sider him a natural choice. | Although not a politician, the former New York, New Haven

| By Edgar M. Mills |

& Hartford Railroad president is |

'well known among. Massachu- |setts politicians of both parties. He is highly regarded by Sena- _tor John, E, Powers (D) of Bos- ton, President of the Senate. While that would not help him iin the Republican Party, ifriends believe it shows j}appeal could cut ‘lines, a major requirement

| setts.

to running for Governor,

Record Seen Asset

| To do so he probably would have to face the task of battling ‘for the convention endorsement

‘are | run. | Many

interested Dumaine New Haven Railroad ‘president

would be a tremendous asset in @ Campaign because of the fact

that solution of Greater Boston’s

| Mass transportation problems is one of the key issues in the ; State. | Up to the time that Mr. Du- |maine was ousted as president lof the New Haven, he had made numerous changes to improve |service for commuters | cthers.

Furthermore, Mr. has publicly stated he has a glan 'for operating the MTA without 'a deficit. He has not disclosed details of that plan. Operation of the MTA without a deficit, ‘now at the 16-million-doliar mark annually, would be a tre- mendous feat.

Reputation Gained

| Of course, as a candidate for 'Governor, Mr. Dumaine would 'be confronted by the fact that | generally he is not well known ‘in the state at large. However, his associates contend this is not

/a major handicap because of his /own drive and personality. They feel a proper campaign would

‘make him a statewide figure. Regarded as a liberal busi- inessman, Mr. Dumaine

tottering industries on their feet | financially.

Among others reported inter- | ested in the GOP gubernatorial |

nomination for 1960 are Repre- sentative Laurence Curtis of Massachusetts, who probably ‘would not make a fight for the nomination: John A. Volpe, for- mer State Commissioner of Pub-

lic-Works:, Representative Frank 'S. Giles (R) of Methuen, House

Minority Leader, and Senator Fred Lamson (R) of Malden, ‘Senate Minority Leader.

GOP Chiefs Cheered

Prebably the GOP field would ‘be full of candidates if Gover- nor Furcolo should decide to seek a third term rather than run against Senator Leverett Saltonstall (R) of Massachusetts for the latter’s Senate seat.

with: increasing frequency that

i'the Governor is toying with the

third-term idea,

Whether these reports have solid foundation or are designed to strengthen his position with ‘the Legislature has not been de-

termined as yet. As a Governor |!

planning to run for United |\States Senator he would not ‘have as much control over the Legislature as a chief executive ‘aiming for a third term, with ‘all the patronage powers at his | disposal. Republicans would be gleeful, 'if he were to seek a third term. ‘Even if Senator John F. Ken- inedy (D) of Massachusetts is ‘on the national ticket as a can- ‘didate for President or Vice- |'President, Republican leaders \feel the Furcolo record is such 'as to brighten GOP prospects. The more the Governor fights iwith the Democratic-controlled |Legislature the better the GOP chieftains feel. However, they are mindful that he has shown a faculty for making convincing appearances on television and on the public platform.

a Inside Reading Ford stages circus at Fra- mingham Shoppers World. Page 2 Communist efforts to penetrate Latin America scanned in Uruguay and Berlin, Page 3 The Soviet exhibition: What it does not show. Page 4 United States marketing stressed in East-West bout. Page 12 Jurges enthusiastic re- garding hitting of Williams. Page 14 British aim for Wightman Cup victory, Page 14 - =

ve ie

his | Be his | Associated Press Wirephoto

CONFER ON SOVIETS: W. Averell Harri- man, right, who recently toured the Soviet Union, chatting with Vice-President Richard M. Nixon, who is to visit there later this month. former Ambassador to the

across party | in | Democratic - tinged Massachu-}

_ Mr, Dumaine is reported to be| |Interested but not yet committed |

|

‘Moon’ Watch Urged; Mr. K. to Visit U.S.?

;

| '

because some other Republicans |

in making the |

. enthusiasts | ‘feel his record when he was |

and

Dumaine

has gained a reputation for putting |

(R) |

Mr. Harriman,

By the Associated Press Geneva

East-West atomic scientists have urged the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union to provide in a nuclear test ban treaty for a network of satellites to detect violations hundreds of miles above the earth.

Western delegates said the scientific report was a consider- able step forward in the three- ‘nation talks for a test ban ‘treaty. It implied Soviet agree- ‘ment to participate in a joint |program to launch the control ‘satellites, although the report is not binding on the three powers.

For three weeks United States, | British, and Soviet scientists dis- jecussed how nuclear tests any- where above 30 miles aititude could be controlled. Their 3,000- |word report of July 10 called ifor a satellite detection network, supplemented by other devices operating from fixed control |posts on the ground. The satel- |lites would radio information to the control posts.

Extremely Costly

i The scientists said the best control system would be to fire ‘five or six instrument-packed satellies into’ orbit tens of thou- sands of miles above the earth, Such satellies would be ex- tremely costly. They might re-

certainly would outlast the ef- 'fectiveness of the instruments they contained.

As a cheaper alternative, the | scientists suggested a system of lower-level satellites,-orbiting at | altitudes below 420 miles. Such ‘satellies might disintegrate after one year and would have to be ‘replaced ‘by others. This would permit keeping the instruments abreast of technical develop- / ments. | The disadvantage of the. low- ‘level network, the = scientists

Reports have been circulating | said, would be blind spots in

.certain areas.«The blind spots could be easily calculated by a ‘would-be violator and would have to be checked by other de- tection devices. Scientists Praised Western sources were lavish .in their praise of the scientists. One ranking Western official said the Soviet Union and the West have never before achieved such a complicated agreement in such 'a short period. | The scientists opened their 'discussions June 22 and held many sessions lasting far into ‘the night. Their report—which does not commit their govern- / ments to acceptance of the rec- ommendations—will be studied at government level and is ex- pected to be written into the draft test ban treaty later, Twenty scientists took part in the discussions. They disagreed only on one point: The Ameri- ‘can and British representatives | wanted a more closely knit de- ‘tection system directed at alti- tudes below 100 miles. The So- viet Union’s Evgenyi Federov maintained that this area was adequately covered,

New Consultation Called

The scientists previously had agreed on technical methods of detecting tests underground and in the lower atmosphere up to 19 miles. -Later, when \the

exploded . nuclear weapons

above the earth’s atmosphere— apparently undetected—the sci- entists were- called back into consultation.

The nuclear test treaty still has a long way to go before it becomes reality. The East and West are seriously on an air- tight inspection system to pre- vent cheating. The Soviets ob-. ject to United States and Brit- ish proposals to install inter- nationally manned _ inspection teams,

a

Soviet Union and former Governor of New York, is in Washington to tell government offi- cials about his trip and a stormy meeting with Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev, who may pay a visit to the United States soon.

By Neal Stanford Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor

Washington

It is increasingly being taken for granted here in the capital that the Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev, in the not dis- tant future, will visit the United States.

Whether he should come to represent his government at a summit meeting or whether he should come on a strictly cere- monial, sight-seeing visit would depend on what comes out of the foreign ministers talks in Geneva that are entering their second stage now.

Theoretically Mr. Khrushchev would come in a third capacity (the one he presumably would prefer) that of Soviet spokes- man in direct bilateral talks with President Eisenhower that would cover the water front.

But this is one capacity in which Mr. Eisenhower ‘has made clear he has no intention of wel- coming Mr. Khrushchev.

The reason is more or ‘less ob- vious. The free world anti- Communist front is a coalition, and Washington depends on its friends and allies to keep it in- tact and strong.

For the United States to nego- tiate bilaterally with Mr. Khrushchev on any but strictly Soviet-American matters would undermine if pot destroy the grand alliance.

| main in orbit for centuries, and Benefits Sighted

So Mr. Khrushchev is wel- come to the United States if the foreign ministers in Geneva can reach an agreement, and he would be welcome as a sight- seeing guest if he wished to visit America on those terms.

It is even possible that the two kinds of trips might be joined, with Mr. Khrushchev coming either to San Francisco or New York for a. summit meeting and then taking a sight- seeing swing around’ the coun-

y.

Whether this were to happen would depend to a degree on the results of a summit gathering. For if it broke up with no agree- ment or in open disagreement it could be thought unwise to allow the Soviet Premier to make the grand national tour.

However, there are those in the government who feel that theoretically, at least, a grand tour of America is just what Mr. Khrushchev needs (and a dead- locked summit meeting would make it more than ever a neces- sity) to convince him of the United States’ strength, unity, and progress.

Much of this new thought on a possible Khrushchev visit to the United States stems from the series of talks that W. Averell Harriman, former Governor of

New York and former Ambas- sadof to the U.S.S.R., has been having here in Washington.

After a tour»of the U.S.S.R. and a lengthy talk with Mr. Khrushchev, Mr. Harriman has concluded that a Khrushchev visit to the United States is prace- tically imperative.

It is “a splendid idea,” he repeated time and again, in talking with Vice - President Richard M: Nixon, with Secre- tary of State Christian A. Herter, and with the Senate Foreign Re- lations Committee. “He could see the strength and vitality of this country. He thinks the work- ers here have no influence, and he would see differently.” Visit Favored

The Soviet Premier might use such a visit for propaganda, but Mr. Harriman is convinced that Mr. Khrushchev would not change the views of any Amerie cans on basic differences, and he is hopeful that the trip would change some of Mr. Khrushe chev’s views about America.

Following Mr. Harriman’s talk with the Senate Foreign Rela« tions Committee, Senator J. W,. Fulbright, (D) of Arkansas, committee chairman, agreed that a Khrushchev visit to the United States would be useful, and he added that most of the senators he had talked with about it felt the same way.

Senator Theodore’ Francis Green (D) of Rhode Island, fore mer Senate Foreign Relations Committee chairman, is among those also favoring a Khrush- chev visit. Senator Homer Cape- hart (R) of Indiana, while not enthusiastic, let it be known he “would not oppose the idea.”

If Mr, Khrushchev should come to the United States as Soviet spokesman at a summit, it would be for Big Four ne- gotiations. If he should come alone, the problem would be to keep his visit strictly ceremonial and sight-seeing, The danger is that he would try and turn it into a bilateral negotiating op- eration, which explains why its ceremonial character would have to be fully and openly agreed to before hand.

It has been the Kremlin ame bition, in fact a Soviet fixation, to have Washington and Moscow decide global diplomatic matters between themselves and then present them as fait accomplis to the rest of the world—much as the Soviets do with their satellites on Communist. bloc matters,

The United States has resisted this ever since and during World War IT. And it is just as opposed now to sucha way of doing diplomatic business as it was in the days of Soviet Premier . Stalin,

The World’s Day

National: Kozlov’s Tour of U.S. Nears End

In Pittsburgh, Fro] R. Kozlov’s barnstorming tour of the United States comes to an end. [Page 5.]

Europe: Foreign Ministers Gather in Geneva

The foreign ministers are gathering in Geneva for the talks that reopen July 13. Soviet Andrei Gromyko and East German

' Lothar Bolz have arrived. Christian A. Herter and West Ger- man Heinrich von Brentano start out today,

United States disclosed it had™

Bay State: Construction Contracts Mount

Contracts issued in May for future construction in the residential omcrengs, Fey sane f in Metropolitan Boston—an area comprising

Essex,

iddlesex, Norfolk, and Suffolk Counties—amounted to

$21,797,000. This represented an increase of 36 per cent com- pared to May, 1958, according to the F. W. Dodge Corporation,

marketing and construction news reporting firm

Asia: Kerala Chief to Confer With Nehru

Kerala's Communist Chief Minister E. M. S. Nam

is on

his way to a meeting with Indian Prime Minister. Jawaharlal

Nehru, Some 45,000 picketers in the an were detained in the June 12-July 9

overnment cam n +) mpaig

Weather Predi edictions: Art, Music, Theater:

7

Cooler Sunday (Page 2) . Page 7. Radio, TV

» FM: Page :

y elake

4

7

-

‘Circus’ Features

Motori

st Safety

By W. Clifford Harvey Automobile Editor.of The Christian Science Monitor

If someone had said “the circus is here,” anyone ap- proaching Shoppers World in Framingham, Mass., today might have believed it.

The animals on_ display ,— family pets are somewhat smaller than the circus variety camels and elephants but the ventriloquist dummies are in the physical proportions of circus clowns, and are fully as funny in their mechanized antics.

A closer approach, however, discloses something more solidly significant than recreation in the Ford Motor Company’s “Amer- ican Road Show” appearing under the timely label: “Design for Suburban Living.”

Research Experiment

The traveling show is an experiment in’ marketing re- search, in which Ford goes to the customer to find out what is being said about the things the consumer buys, what he would like to buy and what industry is about to offer him in new items.

The road show rolled into Shoppers World in a compact unit of four moving vans, five full-scale. cars, and a staff of nine company representatives. Set up in sections, the show features a family pet center, a collection of modern gardening implements, a children’s house in which the youngsters taught the rules of traffic safety,

a collection of 175 modern in- |

ventions and new products, an outdoor patio living exhibit, and a traveling theater which employs four projectors run- ning simultaneously to present a unique motion ‘picture in full color. Varied Attractions

The traveling show is one of 48 to be displayed on a scheduled tour of the large metropolitan. centers: in the United States. The one at Framingham will run July’ 17. Admission is free to the public.

For the youngster who wants |

to visit the circus or the adult who wants to see the latest

conveniences in suburban living, |

the Ford show has a variety of attractions. Basically, the pro-

gram is designed to help educate |

in safety. This

the motorist highway

exhibitions.

The viewer might be looking | at the latest in wardrobe fash- | ions or watching a tribal dance |

by five full-blooded Indians, but the spectator won't be) far from some _ invitation to

play it safe onthe highways. A person can test his driving skills in a mechanized display in the next booth to a baton twirl-

ing exhibition or a naval officer |

showing how the Navy's Spar- row missile works. Cat-and-Dog Items There is a flying mouse for cats to chase. A carpeted post with a plywood base offers the family cat a chance to sharpen its claws on something resem- bling the parlor davenport. A

ham-scented bone made 0of nylon will flake off when chewed brushing the family

through |

the ways of | is done | by weaving the ‘safety thread | through the over-all pattern of |

pet’s teeth whether it likes it or not.

Horse-drawn stages and rope- swinging cowboys will stir up the dust several times a day. -

For the back-yard suburban patio, there’s a barbecue that never needs charcoal. Shaped like an umbrella, it concentrates enough heat from the sun to do a steak or hamburger to a turn. The apparatus also opens up like an umbrella and stands on metal legs like any normal | barbecue.

eis me Brown U Finds. ‘Gold in Back Yard’

By the Associated Press Providence, R.I.

Dr. Elmer R. Smith, direc- tor of Brown University’s summer school for teachers, wanted Dr. E. Roland Dobbs of the University of London, England, as a lecturer. >

He wrote to the London Science Foundation asking: if it could be arranged.

Why not ask Dr. Dobbs him- self, came back the ahswer.

The London professor was doing special research in Brown’s metals and research laboratory, unbeknownst to Dr. Smith. | Dr. Dobbs will lecture on low temperature physics Aug. 5.

By Betty

Love of the Bible, which mor tivated the founders of the Mas- |sachusetts . Bible Society 150 years ago, has continued to in- |spire the distrigution of Scrip- ,tures through the years. | In -1809, a group of distin- guished citizens petitioned the |General Court of the Common- wealth of Massachusetts to use ‘the Representatives’ Chamber on July 6 to institute a society “for the purpose of multiplying

Bible Circulated:

Labor of Devotion!

D. Mayo

Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor

}umes, and in 1958, some. 220,100 | were distributed, including both | those issued as grants and those 'sold, but not “for purpose of | profit.” | The society still was in its ‘infancy when the War $f 1812 | was beginning- to make tory. ‘In 1813, the. society’s toric ‘documents record, ‘an Ameri- ‘can privateer captures a British ‘vessel containing Bibles and Testaments intended for charit-

THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, SATURDAY, JULY 11, 1959

E> \Furcolo Blames GOP

‘copies of the sacred writings, | able distribution (in the British |

isons in need thereof... .” Massachusetts leaders not the first pioneers in making 'this move, however. In~°1809 |Bible societies were formed in ‘Connecticut, Maine, and New co

The previous year, the Phila- delphia (now Pennsylvania)

In 1804, the British and Foreign ‘Bible Society was organized. It is thought that the latter is the “first organization in the world for the general distribution of the Scriptures,” according to the

'chusetts society put out on the occasion of its 100th anniver- Purpose Projected In “The Panoplist” tion of June, public press there appeared an article setting forth the need for an association to distribute

‘the Christian Publick,” it read: object which promises

on the support of Christians. The Book to be distributed is

only pure source of religious

truth, the only perfect rule of

Faith and Practice. In distribut- ing it, we furnish men with the

i

|'Redeemer, of their duties and destination.

“We furnish them with an un- 'erring and authoritative guide of life, with the most powerful mo- tives to virtue and holiness, and with the only unfailing support and solace in affliction.”

The first year of the founding of the Massachusetts Bible So- ciety, distribution of Scriptures

did not begin until autumn. The- total circulation at the time of |

the first report was 812 volumes. | Ty 1909, just 100 years later, the circulation was